By Seneca, John W. Basore
This quantity deals new translations of an important of Seneca's "Moral Essays": On Anger, On Mercy, at the deepest lifestyles, and the 1st 4 books of On Favours. they provide a whole photograph of the social and ethical outlook of an historic Stoic philosopher. A normal advent describes Seneca's existence and occupation and explains the elemental principles underlying the Stoic ethical, social and political philosophy within the essays. person introductions, footnotes and biographical notes clarify their ancient and philosophical contexts.
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This quantity bargains new translations of an important of Seneca's "Moral Essays": On Anger, On Mercy, at the inner most lifestyles, and the 1st 4 books of On Favours. they provide a whole photo of the social and ethical outlook of an historical Stoic philosopher. A basic advent describes Seneca's existence and occupation and explains the elemental rules underlying the Stoic ethical, social and political philosophy within the essays.
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Extra info for Seneca: Moral and Political Essays
60 Ion experiences his freedom not in the exercise of absolute power but in the free political life of a democracy where he can strive to be among the “first ranks,” those who share the power, guiding the city not through violence but through discourse. It is for this reason that he “prays” that his “mother is of Athenian stock so that . . [he] . . can enjoy freedom of speech . . ”61 If Ion is not the child of an Athenian woman he will have “the voice of a slave and . . [will] . . ”62 Being a stranger and illegitimate, Ion can be a “citizen in theory” but he will not be able to exercise his freedom in the political field, which is the region where freedom takes on a concrete form and meaning.
These techniques for reflecting on oneself, for taking up a relationship to oneself, and for acquiring and expressing self-knowledge are “hermeneutical” in nature. They are ways of uncovering, in the multitude of acts, feelings, thoughts, and fantasies, the hidden truth of the individual lodged in the form of desire. We can see in this last point that Foucault’s analysis does not presuppose a passive individual entirely subjected to external measures of repressive control. 30 Foucault here begins a genealogy which attempts to fix the historical horizon for this experience of subjectivity.
Foucault’s engagement with the thought of Kant is essential to his own self-fashioning as a critical philosopher. While Kant offers resources for defining and practicing an ethic of critique, he is not able to understand the ways his thought is confined within its historical horizon—the rise of disciplinary power and the Cartesian displacement of care of the self. Foucault is able to overcome Kant’s ahistorical thinking through his experience of Nietzsche. The historical sense, which Nietzsche lends to Foucault, is precisely what allowed Foucault to experience the subject and truth as historical forms rather than as the ahistorical conditions of possibility of experience.
Seneca: Moral and Political Essays by Seneca, John W. Basore